Heterofusion: Fusing genomics data of different measurement scales

Age K. Smilde*, Yipeng Song, Johan Westerhuis, Henk A. L. Kiers, Nanne Aben, Lodewyk F. A. Wessels

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In systems biology, it is becoming increasingly common to measure biochemical entities at different levels of the same biological system. Hence, data fusion problems are abundant in the life sciences. With the availability of a multitude of measuring techniques, one of the central problems is the heterogeneity of the data. In this paper, we discuss a specific form of heterogeneity, namely, that of measurements obtained at different measurement scales, such as binary, ordinal, interval, and ratio‐scaled variables. Three generic fusion approaches are presented of which two are new to the systems biology community. The methods are presented, put in context, and illustrated with a real‐life genomics example.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3200
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Chemometrics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3-Feb-2020

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