Background: Germline BRCA2 mutations are associated with poorer outcome prostate cancer ( PCa) compared with sporadic tumours but this association remains to be characterised. In this study, we aim to assess if there is a signature set of copy number alterations ( CNA) that could aid to the identification of BRCA2- mutated tumours and would assist us to understand their aggressive clinical behaviour. Methods: High- resolution array comparative genomic hybridisation profiling of DNA from PCa and matched morphologically normal prostate samples from 9 BRCA2 germline mutation carriers and 16 non- carriers in combination with unsupervised analysis was used to define copy number features. Results: PCa from BRCA2 germline mutation carriers ( B2T) harbour significantly more CNA than non- carrier tumours ( NCTs) ( P = 14 x 10(-6)). A hundred and sixteen regions had a significantly different distribution with both false discovery rate ( FDR) and P value <0.01, including CNA in the genomic region containing c- MYC that was present in 89% B2T versus 12.5% NCT ( P = 3 x 10(-4)). Loss of heterozygosity ( LOH) at the BRCA2 locus was observed in 67% of B2T. Elevated CNA are already present in 50% of the morphologically normal prostate tissue from BRCA2 carriers. Conclusion: The relative high amount of CNAs in morphologically normal prostate tissue of BRCA2 carriers implies a field effect and together with the observed LOH could be used as a marker of PCa risk in these men. Several features previously associated with poor PCa outcome have been found to be significantly more common in BRCA2- mutated PCa than in sporadic tumours and may help to explain their adverse prognosis and be of relevance for targeted therapies.
- prostate cancer
- COMPARATIVE GENOMIC HYBRIDIZATION
- EPITHELIAL OVARIAN-CANCER