High resolution luminescence chronology of coastal dune deposits near Chumphon, Western Gulf of Thailand

Johannes M. Miocic*, Ritu Sah, Sakonvan Chawchai, Peerasit Surakiatchai, Montri Choowong, Frank Preusser

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The development of coastal dunes is linked to environmental controls such as sea-level variability, climatic conditions, and coastal morphology. Understanding the spatial and temporal variations of dunes is crucial for predicting how coastal landscapes may react to future climate changes and sea-level rise. However, there are very few detailed studies on the longer time-scale evolution (centennial to millennial) of coastal dunes from subtropical and tropical regions. Here, we combine a high-resolution luminescence chronology with sedimentological analyses to study the depositional history of a transverse coastal dune located within the Bang Berd dune field, Western Gulf of Thailand. While luminescence dating of uniform aeolian deposits is normally straight forward, we observe strong variations in the natural dose rate which are likely explained by the enrichment of accessory minerals in some laminae. Deposition of the dune started at least around 3000 years ago and coincides with a regional sea level drop. Sedimentary structures indicate deposition occurring predominantly in relation to the northeasterly winter monsoon. As the sea-level rise and increased storm intensity in the future may lead to stronger erosion along the coast, this study is highlighting the importance of the Bang Berd dune system as natural protection against coastal inundation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100797
Number of pages18
JournalAeolian Research
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2022

Keywords

  • Coastal dune
  • Gulf of Thailand
  • OSL dating
  • Sea-level change
  • Sedimentology

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