High spatial and temporal resolution measurements of primary organics and their oxidation products over the tropical forests of Surinam

PJ Crutzen, J Williams*, U Poschl, P Hoor, H Fischer, C Warneke, R Holzinger, A Hansel, W Lindinger, B Scheeren, J Lelieveld

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Tropical forests with emissions greater than 10(15) g C of reactive hydrocarbons per year strongly affect atmospheric chemistry. Here we report aircraft-borne measurements of organics during March 1998 in Surinam, a largely unpolluted region which is optimally located to study chemical processes induced by tropical forest emissions. Isoprene and its degradation products methylvinyl ketone (MVK) and methacrolein (MACR) and possibly isoprene hydroperoxides (ISOHP), were measured in the nmol mol(-1) volume mixing ratio (VMR) range, consistent with estimated emissions and model calculations. In addition, high VMRs of some non-isoprene-derived organics were measured, such as acetone (approximate to 2-4 nmol mol(1) up to 12 km altitude), an important source of HO and HO(2) in the upper troposphere. Moreover, several masses were measured at significant mixing ratios which could not be identified by reference to previous field measurements or gas-phase isoprene chemistry. High VMRs, almost 0.4 nmol mol(-1), were also recorded for a compound which is most likely dimethyl sulphide (DMS). If so, boundary layer loss of HO by reactions with hydrocarbons and their oxidation products strongly prolongs the lifetime of DMS, allowing its transport deep into the Amazon forest south of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ). We postulate greater sulphate production and deposition north than south of the (ITCZ) with possible consequences for cloud and ecosystem properties. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1161-1165
Number of pages5
JournalAtmospheric environment
Volume34
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • proton transfer mass spectrometer (PTR-MS)
  • tropical rainforest emissions
  • volatile organic compounds (VOC)
  • isoprene
  • isoprene oxidation products
  • methacrolein
  • methyl vinyl ketone
  • upper tropospheric HO(x)
  • acetone
  • UPPER TROPOSPHERE
  • HYDROGEN RADICALS
  • EMISSIONS
  • CHEMISTRY
  • ACETONE
  • GASES

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