Highly active/selective and adjustable zirconium polymerization catalysts stabilized by aminopyridinato ligands

Winfried P. Kretschmer*, Bart Hessen, Awal Noor, Natalie M. Scott, Rhett Kempe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

This paper describes a substantial enhancement of the aminopyridinato ligand stabilized early transition metal chemistry by introducing the sterically very demanding 2,6-dialkylphenyl substituted aminopyridinato ligands derived from (2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-[6-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-pyridin-2-yl]-amine (1a-H, ApH) and (2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-[6-(2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl)-pyridin-2-yl]- amine (1b-H, Ap*H). The corresponding bis aminopyridinato zirconium dichloro complexes, [Ap(2)ZrCl(2)] (3a) and [Ap(2)*ZrCl2] (3b) and the dimethyl analogues, [Ap(2)ZrMe(2)] (4a) and [Ap(2)*ZrMe2] (4b) (Me = methyl) were synthesized, using standard salt metathesis routes. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction was carried out for the dichloro derivatives. Both zirconium metal centers have a distorted octahedral environment with a cis-orientation of the chloride ligands in 3a and a closer to trans-arrangement in 3b. The dimethyl derivatives are proven to be highly active ethylene polymerization catalysts after activation with [R2N(Me)H][B(C6F5)(4)] (R = C16H33-C18H37). During attempted co-polymerizations of alpha-olefins (propylene) and ethylene high activity and selectivity for ethylene and nearly no co-monomer incorporation was observed. Increasing the steric bulk of the ligand going from (2,6-dimethylphenyl) to (2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl) substituted pyridines, switches the catalyst system from producing long chain alpha-olefins to polymerization of ethylene in a living fashion. In contrast to the dimethyl complexes only [Ap(2)*ZrCl2] in the presence of MAO at elevated temperature gave decent polymerization activity. NMR investigations of the reaction of dichloro complexes with 25 equiv. of MAO or AlMe3 at room temperature revealed, that [Ap(2)ZrCl(2)] decomposes under ligand transfer to aluminum and formation of [ApAlMe(2)], while [Ap(2)*ZrCl2] remains almost unreacted under the same conditions. The aminopyridinato dimethyl aluminum complexes, [ApAlMe(2)] (5a) and [Ap*AlMe2] (5b) were synthesized independently and structurally characterized. The aluminum complexes 5a and b show no catalytic activity towards ethylene, when "activated" with[R2N(Me)H][B(C6F5)(4)]. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4569-4579
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Volume692
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Oct-2007

Keywords

  • aluminum
  • aminopyridinato ligands
  • N-ligands
  • olefin polymerization
  • zirconium
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • STRUCTURAL-CHARACTERIZATION
  • COORDINATION CHEMISTRY
  • OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION
  • ALKENE POLYMERIZATION
  • DIKETIMINATE LIGANDS
  • COMPLEXES
  • ALKYL
  • CYCLOPENTADIENYL
  • ETHYLENE

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