This paper evaluates and extends the novel method of preparing tissue blocks for paraffin sections within 30 to 60 min, that was proposed in early 1985 in a paper by Boonet al. (1986). More than 2 years' additional experience and testing various microwave ovens has led to new protocols reported in this paper. Results are given of testing (i) an especially designed microwave oven for histoprocessing, (ii) microwavable reagents, (iii) processing larger numbers of specimens simultaneously, (iv) handling different types and sizes of tissue. It is concluded that effective temperature control offers substantial advantages. In addition, the possibilities of performing routine diagnostic pathology omitting formalin altogether are sketched.