Historical and current spatial differences in female labour force participation: Evidence from Germany

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Abstract

Female labour force participation (FLFP) increased significantly in the 20th century. Nevertheless, there are persisting spatial differences in FLFP. Using data from Germany, this paper demonstrates that regional differences in the degree of industrialization in the 1920s explain spatial variation in FLFP at that time and almost 100 years later. The latter finding is not explained by persisting industry structures. Additionally, there is evidence that regions with historically high FLFP have a higher social acceptance of working women. Together these results suggest that policies to increase FLFP should account for the historical context of each region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-230
Number of pages30
JournalPapers in Regional Science
Volume98
Issue number1
Early online date13-Feb-2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • female labour force participation
  • gender
  • regional labour markets
  • GENDER-ROLE ATTITUDES
  • MARRIED-WOMEN
  • WORK
  • EMPLOYMENT
  • EDUCATION
  • ORIGINS
  • GAP
  • PROTESTANTISM
  • EVOLUTION
  • CHILDREN

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