Hitler's Worldview and the Interwar Kulturkampf

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This conceptual historical investigation of Adolf Hitler’s use and
understanding of the term worldview (Weltanschauung) revisits the debate
over the relationship of religion and National Socialism. The tendency of
most studies of Hitler’s worldview to focus on the genealogy of his beliefs
correlates to an anachronistic definition of worldview. By contrast, this
article reveals that Hitler’s own usage of the term worldview was decisively
shaped by German culture wars that preceded his entrance into politics in
1919. The article shows how the varying Nazi religious policies, from
supporting ‘positive Christianity’ during the Weimar Republic to
suppressing elements within the churches once taking power, continued to
be framed by the dynamics of the culture wars.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-621
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of contemporary history
Issue number3
Early online date5-Feb-2018
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jul-2018


  • Adolf Hitler
  • worldview
  • culture wars
  • Weimar Germany
  • secularism
  • Kulturkampf
  • National Socialism
  • religion
  • Weltanschauung

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