Homesickness in social context: An ecological momentary assessment study among 1st-year university students

Maaike H. Nauta*, Marije aan het Rot, Henk Schut, Margaret Stroebe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
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Homesickness is common among university students and associated with mental health problems. Most previous studies assessed homesickness as a summary of the past weeks. However, there may be significant fluctuations across situations. At the current residence, homesickness may especially be triggered during (phone) interactions with attachment figures. Dutch and international 1st-year students (n = 92) completed the Utrecht Homesickness Scale and subsequently used a smartphone application to record social interactions for 14 days (ecological momentary assessment [EMA]). For each interaction they reported the social context (e.g. location, contact type) and their affective state, including homesickness. Homesickness in the past weeks and momentary homesickness were both higher in international students than in Dutch students. Feeling homesick was highest at participants' current residency, when interacting with parents, or when using video-chat. When participants felt more homesick, they reported less pleasant and more unpleasant affect. In conclusion, EMA provided insight in cross-situational variations in homesickness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-397
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
Issue number3
Early online date26-May-2019
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2020


  • Homesickness
  • Acculturation
  • Ecological momentary assessment
  • Social interactions
  • Positive and negative effect


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