Horizontale en verticale samenwerking in distributieketens met cross-docks

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

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Logistics service providers are faced with pressing challenges when it comes to sustainability, particularly due to decreasing load sizes and increasing shipment frequency with ever stricter timing requirements. Collaboration with partners in the distribution network—and with competitors from other networks—can offer opportunities to address these challenges. The focus of this thesis is on collaboration in distribution networks with cross-docks. Cross-docks are logistics facilities that enable firms to transport small-sized shipments in full truckloads through their distribution network without requiring intermediate storage. At the cross-dock, goods are moved directly from inbound to outbound trailers. Successful cross-docking requires vertical collaboration among partners that are active at consecutive stages of the distribution network. Horizontal collaboration occurs among potentially competing firms that are active at the same stage of the network.

This thesis presents theoretical models for horizontal and vertical collaboration in distribution networks with cross-docks and studies methods that can be used to improve the sustainability of such networks. To this end, concepts from the fields of Information Systems, Operations Research and Supply Chain Management are combined. The thesis classifies mathematical cross-docking models and identifies new research questions aimed at synchronizing local cross-dock and network-wide logistics operations. A simulation study illustrates how minor changes in network logistics can lead to large performance improvements at the cross-dock. Furthermore, the thesis proposes a method to structure the exchange of loads between horizontally collaborating road-freight carriers. A multiple-case study shows that breakthrough IT innovations are needed to support joint decision-making among collaborating carriers.
Original languageDutch
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Groningen
  • Wortmann, Johan, Supervisor
  • Vis, Iris, Supervisor
  • Szirbik, Nick, Co-supervisor
Award date18-Sep-2014
Place of PublicationGroningen
Print ISBNs978-90-367-7208-2
Electronic ISBNs978-90-367-7207-5
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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