How to Use Someone 'Merely as a Means'

Pauline Kleingeld*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The prohibition on using others 'merely as means' is one of the best-known and most influential elements of Immanuel Kant's moral theory. But it is widely regarded as impossible to specify with precision the conditions under which this prohibition is violated. On the basis of a re-examination of Kant's texts, the article develops a novel account of the conditions for using someone 'merely as a means'. It is argued that this account has not only strong textual support but also significant philosophical advantages over alternative conceptions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1369415420000229
Pages (from-to)389-414
Number of pages26
JournalKantian Review
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2020

Keywords

  • Formula of Humanity
  • Immanuel Kant
  • Kantian ethics
  • 'using merely as a means'
  • consent
  • practical reasoning
  • TREATING OTHERS
  • KANTS FORMULA

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