Hypertensiebehandeling: angiotensine-II-antagonisten mogelijk beter dan beta-blokkers in het voorkómen van cardio- en cerebrovasculaire schade; de LIFE-studie in perspectief

Translated title of the contribution: Treatment of hypertension: angiotensin-II antagonists potentially better than beta-blockers in the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular damage; the LIFE study in perspective

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Abstract

Current clinical guidelines state that only beta-blockers, diuretics, calcium channel antagonists and ACE inhibitors should be used for initial pharmacotherapy for uncomplicated hypertension. On basis of experience, efficacy and costs beta-blockers and diuretics are first choice. However, the importance of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system in the pathophysiology of hypertensive end-organ damage is increasingly recognised nowadays, and modulation of this system may therefore exert favourable effects on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications. In the LIFE study, a recently published double-blinded, randomised trial, the angiotensin-II receptor (A-II) antagonist losartan was compared with the beta-blocker atenolol in patients with essential hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Patients randomised to the A-II antagonist suffered statistically significantly fewer clinical end-points, specifically fewer cerebrovascular accidents, whereas both treatments resulted in a similar decrease in blood pressure. In the subset of diabetic patients, the use of the A-II antagonist yielded an even more favourable outcome. In our opinion, it should now also be permitted to prescribe A-II antagonists as initial pharmacotherapy for patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension. It might be considered to prescribe A-II antagonists as preferred treatment for patients with essential hypertension and known LVH, especially in diabetic patients.

Translated title of the contributionTreatment of hypertension: angiotensin-II antagonists potentially better than beta-blockers in the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular damage; the LIFE study in perspective
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)96-99
Number of pages4
JournalNederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
Volume147
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 18-Jan-2003

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