Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between road traffic noise exposure at home and the prevalence of hypertension. Methods: We conducted cross-sectional analyses in a large random sample (N = 40,856) of inhabitants of Groningen City, and in a subsample (the Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-Stage Disease [PREVEND]) study cohort, N = 8592. Results: Before adjustment for confounders, road traffic noise exposure was associated with self-reported use of antihypertensive medication in the city of Groningen sample (odds ratio [OR] = 1.31 per 10-dB increase in L-den). Adjusted odds ratios were significant for the subjects between 45 and 55 years old in the full model when adjusted for PM10 (OR = 1.19) and at higher exposure (L-den > 55 dB) only (OR = 1.21; with adjustment for PM10, OR = 1.31). In the PREVEND cohort, the unadjusted odds ratio was 1.35 for hypertension (systolic and diastolic blood pressure > 140 and > 90 mm Hg, respectively, or use of antihypertensive medication). Again, the adjusted odds ratio was significant for subjects between 45 and 55 years old (OR = 1.27; with adjustment for PM10, OR = 1.39). Conclusions: Exposure to road traffic noise may be associated with hypertension in subjects who are between 45 and 55 years old. Associations seemed to be stronger at higher noise levels.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - May-2007|
- STREET AIR-QUALITY
- CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
- 1ST PHASE