I know your face but can’t remember your name: Age-related differences in the FNAME-12NL

S. Enriquez Geppert*, J. F. Flores-Vazquez, M. Lietz, M. Garcia Pimenta, P. Andrés

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Objective
The Face-Name Associative Memory test (FNAME) has recently received attention as a test for early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. So far, however, there has been no systematic investigation of the effects of aging. Here, we aimed to assess the extent to which the FNAME performance is modulated by normal ageing.

Method
In a first step, we adapted the FNAME material to the Dutch population. In a second step, younger (n = 29) and older adults (n = 29) were compared on recall and recognition performance.

Results
Significant age effects on name recall were observed after the first exposure of new face-name pairs: younger adults remembered eight, whereas older adults remembered a mean of four out of twelve names. Although both age groups increased the number of recalled names with repeated face-name exposure, older adults did not catch up with the performance of the younger adults, and the age-effects remained stable. Despite of that, both age groups maintained their performance after a 30-min delay. Considering recognition, no age differences were demonstrated, and both age groups succeeded in the recognition of previously shown faces and names when presented along with distractors.

Conclusions
This study presents for the first time the results of different age groups regarding cross-modal associative memory performance on the FNAME. The recall age effects support the hypothesis of age-related differences in associative memory. To use the FNAME as an early cognitive biomarker, further subscales are suggested to increase sensitivity and specificity in the clinical context.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberacaa107
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume36
Issue number5
Early online date7-Nov-2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2021

Keywords

  • associative memory
  • fname
  • Healthy aging

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