Identification of more than one mutation in the hepatitis B virus polymerase gene arising during prolonged lamivudine treatment

H G Niesters, P Honkoop, E B Haagsma, R A de Man, S W Schalm, A D Osterhaus

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    Lamivudine has been shown to be a potent and nontoxic inhibitor of hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication in chronically infected patients. During prolonged treatment, drug resistance may develop, related to a mutation of Met to Val or Ile in the YM552DD motif of the HBV DNA polymerase gene. Analysis of the HBV DNA polymerase gene from 8 chronic hepatitis B patients with suspected resistance to lamivudine showed that in addition to a mutation in the YM552DD motif, a second mutation located in the B domain of this gene, a Leu(528)-to-Met(528) change, was consistently and exclusively found in 4 patients showing the YV552DD motif. This suggests a functional or structural relationship between these domains. Since the presence of both the YI552DD and YV552DD motif sometimes preceded the exclusive presence of the YV552DD motif, we conclude that the YI552DD motif could occur as a temporal intermediate. After cessation of therapy, the wild type sequences reemerged.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1382-1385
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of infectious diseases
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - May-1998


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