Impact of an Adenosine A2A Receptor Agonist and Antagonist on Binding of the Dopamine D2 Receptor Ligand [11C]raclopride in the Rodent Striatum

Kavya Prasad, Erik F J de Vries*, Jürgen W A Sijbesma, Lara Garcia-Varela, Daniel A Vazquez-Matias, Rodrigo Moraga-Amaro, Antoon T M Willemsen, Rudi A J O Dierckx, Aren van Waarde

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Adenosine A2A and dopamine D2 receptors in the basal ganglia form heterotetrameric structures that are involved in the regulation of motor activity and neuropsychiatric functions. The present study examines the A2A receptor-mediated modulation of D2 receptor binding in vivo using positron emission tomography (PET) with the D2 antagonist tracer [11C]raclopride. Healthy male Wistar rats (n = 8) were scanned (60 min dynamic scan) with [11C]raclopride at baseline and 7 days later following an acute administration of the A2A agonist CGS21680 (1 mg/kg), using a MicroPET Focus-220 camera. Nondisplaceable binding potential (BPND) values were calculated using a simplified reference tissue model (SRTM), with cerebellum as the reference tissue. SRTM analysis did not show any significant changes in [11C]raclopride BPND (p = 0.102) in striatum after CGS21680 administration compared to the baseline. As CGS21680 strongly affects hemodynamics, we also used arterial blood sampling and a metabolite-corrected plasma input function for compartment modeling using the reversible two-tissue compartment model (2TCM) to obtain the BPND from the k3/k4 ratio and from the striatum/cerebellum volume of distribution ratio (DVR) in a second group of animals. These rats underwent dynamic [11C]raclopride scans after pretreatment with a vehicle (n = 5), a single dose of CGS21680 (1 mg/kg, n = 5), or a single dose of the A2A antagonist KW6002 (1 mg/kg, n = 5). The parent fraction in plasma was significantly higher in the CGS21680-treated group (p = 0.0001) compared to the vehicle-treated group. GCS21680 administration significantly reduced the striatal k3/k4 ratio (p < 0.01), but k3 and k4 estimates may be less reliable. The BPND (DVR-1) decreased from 1.963 ± 0.27 in the vehicle-treated group to 1.53 ± 0.55 (p = 0.080) or 1.961 ± 0.11 (p = 0.993) after the administration of CGS21680 or KW6002, respectively. Our study suggests that the A2A agonist CGS21680, but not the antagonist KW6002, may reduce the D2 receptor availability in the striatum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2992-3001
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular pharmaceutics
Volume19
Issue number8
Early online date18-Jul-2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2022

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