Impact of Depression on Long-Term Outcome After Renal Transplantation: A Prospective Cohort Study

D.M. Zelle, H.F. Dorland, J.G.M. Rosmalen, E. Corpeleijn, R.O.B. Gans, J.J.H. van der Heide, W.J. van Son, G. Navis, S.J.L. Bakker

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Abstract

Background. Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for end stage renal disease. Although there is more depression in wait-listed versus transplant patients, depression persists after transplantation. We investigated the determinants of depression in renal transplantation recipients (RTRs) and the association with cardiovascular (CV) and all-cause-mortality and graft failure.

Methods. RTR were investigated between 2001 and 2003. Depression was assessed using the Depression Subscale of the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90). Mortality and graft failure were recorded until May 2009.

Results. A total of 527 RTR (age, 51 +/- 12 years; 55% men) were studied; 31% of the RTR were indicated with depression. Independent variables associated with depression were medically unfit for work, proteinuria, lower physical activity level, and longer dialysis duration. During follow-up for 7.0 (6.2-7.5) years, 114 RTR (59 CV) died. In Cox regression analyses, depression was strongly associated with increased risk for CV (HR=2.12 [1.27-3.53], P=0.004) and all-cause mortality (HR=1.96 [1.36-2.84], P

Conclusions. Although our study has several limitations, including the lack of pretransplant depression status, we identified medically unfit for work, proteinuria, lower physical activity level, and longer dialysis duration as independent variables associated with depression. We furthermore found that depression is associated with CV and all-cause mortality in RTR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1033-1040
Number of pages8
JournalTransplantation
Volume94
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27-Nov-2012

Keywords

  • Depression
  • All-cause mortality
  • Cardiovascular mortality
  • Graft failure
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • CORONARY-ARTERY DISEASE
  • KIDNEY-TRANSPLANTATION
  • MEDICATION ADHERENCE
  • MAJOR DEPRESSION
  • CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
  • MORTALITY
  • RECIPIENTS
  • ANXIETY
  • SYMPTOMS

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