Impact of different adjuvant treatment approaches on survival in stage III endometrial cancer: A population-based study

Willem Jan van Weelden, Casper Reijnen, Florine A. Eggink, Dorry Boll, Petronella B. Ottevanger, Hetty A. van den Berg, Maaike A. van der Aa, Johanna M. A. Pijnenborg*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)
    19 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background: Patients with International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage III endometrial cancer (EC) have a substantial risk of adverse outcomes. After surgery, adjuvant therapy is recommended with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), chemotherapy (CT) or both EBRT and CT. Recent trials suggest that EBRT + CT is superior to EBRT or CT alone but also results in more toxicity. We have compared the outcome of different adjuvant treatments in a population-based cohort to identify subgroups that benefit most from EBRT + CT.

    Methods: All patients diagnosed with FIGO stage III EC and treated with surgery in 2005-2016 were identified from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS); associations with adjuvant treatment were analysed using Cox regression analysis.

    Results: Among 1241 eligible patients, EBRT + CT was associated with a better OS than CT (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.34-2.52) and EBRT alone (HR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.05-1.79). In stage IIIC, there was a significant benefit of EBRT + CT compared with CT or EBRT alone. In stage IIIA-B, there was no difference between EBRT + CT or EBRT alone. In endometrioid EC (EEC) and carcinosarcomas, EBRT + CT was associated with a better OS than CT or EBRT alone. For uterine serous cancers, there was no survival benefit of EBRT + CT over CT. In all analysis by stage and histology, any adjuvant treatment was superior to no adjuvant therapy.

    Conclusions: In this population-based study, adjuvant EBRT + CT was associated with improved OS compared with CT or EBRT alone in FIGO stage IIIC EC, EEC and carcinosarcoma. This suggests that application of EBRT + CT in stage III should be further stratified according to these subgroups. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)104-111
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
    Volume133
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul-2020

    Keywords

    • Endometrial cancer
    • Stage III
    • Adjuvant treatment
    • Chemoradiotherapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiotherapy
    • OPEN-LABEL
    • CHEMOTHERAPY
    • RADIOTHERAPY
    • WOMEN
    • CHEMORADIOTHERAPY
    • CARCINOSARCOMA
    • MULTICENTER
    • PORTEC-3
    • TUMORS
    • AGE

    Cite this