Impact of Preoperative Diabetes Mellitus on Postoperative Outcomes in Elective Pancreatic Surgery and Its Implications for Prehabilitation Practice

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Patients with pancreatic disease(s) have a high risk of developing diabetes mellitus (DM). Diabetes mellitus is associated with adverse postoperative outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and effects of DM on postoperative outcomes in pancreatic surgery.

METHODS: Subgroup analysis of a prospective cohort study conducted at an academic hospital. Patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy between January 2019 and November 2022 were included and screened for DM preoperatively using glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). New-onset DM was diagnosed based on HbA1c ≥ 6.5% (48 mmol/mol). Postoperative outcomes were compared between patients with and without DM.

RESULTS: From 117 patients, 29 (24.8%) were given a diagnosis of DM, and of those, 5 (17.2%) were diagnosed with new-onset DM, and 15 (51.8%) displayed poorly controlled preoperative DM (HbA1c ≥ 7% [53 mmol/mol]). The incidence of surgical site infections (48.3% vs 27.3% in the non-DM group; P = 0.04) was higher for patients with DM. This association remained significant after adjusting for confounders (odds ratio, 2.60 [95% confidence interval, 1.03-6.66]; P = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS: One-quarter of the patients scheduled for pancreatoduodenectomy had DM; over half of them had poor glycemic control. The association between DM status and surgical site infections revealed in this study emphasizes the importance of adequate preoperative glycemic control.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPANCREAS
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29-Jan-2024

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