PURPOSE: To test the applicability of coded healing abutments, intraoral scanners, and monolithic zirconia for the fabrication of three-unit fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) on two dental implants.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with three missing teeth in the posterior region of either the maxilla or mandible received two dental implants. After healing, coded healing abutments were placed. Full-arch intraoral scans were made to produce individual titanium abutments and a three-unit FDP. Peri-implant tissues were assessed 2 weeks after placement of the FDP and again after 1 year. Patient-reported outcome measures were registered prior to treatment and after 1 year. The quality of the FDPs was assessed using modified United States Public Health Service criteria after 1 year of service.
RESULTS: A total of 54 patients were treated with 60 restorations, and 51 patients with 56 restorations were available at the 1-year follow-up. Implant survival was 99.1%, and prosthesis survival was 100%. The peri-implant tissues remained healthy, and patient satisfaction was high. However, the USPHS evaluation showed that some prostheses exhibited fit or color issues that needed to be addressed, although most were rated as successful (80.4%).
CONCLUSION: The use of coded healing abutments and intraoral scanners to produce full-zirconia three-unit FDPs on two dental implants proved to be a feasible technique, with promising objective and subjective results. However, technical challenges still impacted the treatment results, resulting in a number of restorations having clinical or radiographic marginal gaps or reduced color match.
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