In Situ Digital Image Correlation Observations of Laser Forming

Herman Fidder*, Joris P.J. Admiraal, Václav Ocelík, Jeff Th M. De Hosson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
55 Downloads (Pure)


In this study experimental and modelling methods are used to examine the microstructural and bending responses of laser-formed commercially pure titanium grade 2. The in situ bending angle response is measured for different processing parameters utilizing 3D digital image correlation. The microstructural changes are observed using electron backscatter diffraction. Finite element modelling is used to analyse the heat transfer and temperature field inside the material. It has been proven that the laser bending process is not only controlled by processing parameters such as laser power and laser beam scanning speed, but also by surface absorption. Grain size appears to have no influence on the final bending angle, however, sandblasted samples showed a considerably higher final bending angle. Experimental and simulation results suggest that the laser power has a larger influence on the final bending angle than that of the laser transverse speed. The microstructure of the laser heat-affected zone consists of small refined grains at the top layer followed by large elongated grains. Deformation mechanisms such as slip and twinning were observed in the heat-affected zone, where their distribution depends on particular processing parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2020


  • DIC
  • EBSD
  • HCP interaction
  • Laser forming
  • Plastic deformation

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