In situ radiometric mapping as a proxy of sediment contamination: Assessment of the underlying geochemical and -physical principles

E. R. van der Graaf*, R. L. Koomans, J. Limburg, K. de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Correlations between sediment contaminants like heavy metals or organic micro-compounds and natural or anthropogenic radionuclides (K-40, (238)u, Th-232, (CS)-C-137) facilitates in situ mapping of the contaminated sediment using gamma-ray detectors. These maps can be male quickly and economically using surveys with towed underwater gamma-ray detectors and based on the fundamental correlation of contaminants with radioactivity. This paper aims at an assessment of the geochemical and -physical principles underlying these correlations. This assessment uses multivariate analysis of a data base containing information on radionuclides and contaminants for a large number of sediment samples used to derive radionuclide-contaminant correlations in radiometric mapping projects in freshwater bodies of the Netherlands. More specifically, the aims of this study are to test if these correlations are valid for the entire Dutch freshwater environment and to investigate the validity of the thesis that these correlations are mainly due to the presence of clay. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-633
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
Volume65
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May-2007

Keywords

  • in situ radiometry
  • radionuclide
  • sediment contamination
  • correlations
  • multivariate analysis
  • POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS
  • FRESH-WATER SEDIMENTS
  • AQUEOUS CS+ IONS
  • HEAVY-METALS
  • NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY
  • COMPONENT ANALYSIS
  • ADSORPTION
  • SORPTION
  • KINETICS
  • MONTMORILLONITE

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