Incentives and legal barriers for power-to-hydrogen pathways: An international snapshot

Francesco Dolci, Denis Thomas, Samantha Hilliard, Carlos Funez Guerra, Ragnhild Hancke, Hiroshi Ito, Mathilde Jegoux, Gijs Kreeft, Jonathan Leaver, Marcus Newborough, Joris Proost, Martin Robinius, Eveline Weidner, Christine Mansilla*, Paul Lucchese

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Rendering the energy system more sustainable can only be achieved through a combination of low-carbon energy production, energy efficiency, and coupling of energy sectors. In this context, Power-to-Hydrogen concepts for managing supply and demand, providing seasonal storage, and being the linking element between different sectors (electricity generation, gas grids, transport and industry), has attracted significant interest during the last decade. However, the deployment of technology is subject to legal barriers, which may differ from one region to another. On the contrary, there may be incentives to facilitate market introduction of a new technology.

In this paper, an international network of experts under the umbrella of Task 38 of the International Energy Agency's Hydrogen Technology Collaboration Programme assesses the legal framework in ten countries regarding power-to-hydrogen applications. The most frequently considered pathway, from a legal standpoint, is using hydrogen for mobility applications. Only a few countries are implementing legal frameworks for diverse hydrogen applications. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11394-11401
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 3-May-2019


  • Power-to-hydrogen
  • Hydrogen-to-X
  • Power-to-gas
  • Incentives
  • Legal
  • Sector coupling

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