Incremental cost effectiveness of proton pump inhibitors for the prevention of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ulcers: a pharmacoeconomic analysis linked to a case-control study

H.E. Vonkeman, L.M.A. Braakman-Jansen, R.M. Klok, M.J. Postma, J.R.B.J. Brouwers, M.A.F.J. van de Laar

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Abstract

Introduction We estimated the cost effectiveness of concomitant proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in relation to the occurrence of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) ulcer complications. Methods This study was linked to a nested case-control study. Patients with NSAID ulcer complications were compared with matched controls. Only direct medical costs were reported. For the calculation of the incremental cost effectiveness ratio we extrapolated the data to 1,000 patients using concomitant PPIs and 1,000 patients not using PPIs for 1 year. Sensitivity analysis was performed by 'worst case' and 'best case' scenarios in which the 95% confidence interval (Cl) of the odds ratio (OR) and the 95% Cl of the cost estimate of a NSAID ulcer complication were varied. Costs of PPIs was varied separately. Results In all, 104 incident cases and 284 matched controls were identified from a cohort of 51,903 NSAID users with 10,402 NSAID exposition years. Use of PPIs was associated with an adjusted OR of 0.33 (95% Cl 0.17 to 0.67; p = 0.002) for NSAID ulcer complications. In the extrapolation the estimated number of NSAID ulcer complications was 13.8 for non-PPI users and 3.6 for PPI users. The incremental total costs were (sic) 50,094 higher for concomitant PPIs use. The incremental cost effectiveness ratio was (sic) 4,907 per NSAID ulcer complication prevented when using the least costly PPIs. Conclusions Concomitant use of PPIs for the prevention of NSAID ulcer complications costs (sic) 4,907 per NSAID ulcer complication prevented when using the least costly PPIs. The price of PPIs highly influenced the robustness of the results.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberR144
Number of pages7
JournalArthritis Research and Therapy
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16-Dec-2008

Keywords

  • INDUCED GASTROINTESTINAL TOXICITY
  • RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS
  • CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • STRATEGIES
  • RISK
  • COMPLICATIONS
  • NSAIDS
  • USERS

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