Independent association between symptom onset time and infarct size in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Karim D. Mahmoud*, Maarten W. Nijsten, Wouter G. Wieringa, Jan P. Ottervanger, David R. Holmes, Hans L. Hillege, Arnoud W. van ' t Hof, Erik Lipsic

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have reported on circadian variation in infarct size in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Controversy remains as to whether this finding indicates circadian dependence of myocardial tolerance to ischemia/reperfusion injury or that it can simply be explained by confounding factors such as baseline profile and ischemic time. We assessed the clinical impact and independent association between symptom onset time and infarct size, accounting for possible subgroup differences. From a multicenter registry, 6799 consecutive STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between 2004 and 2010 were included. Infarct size was measured using peak creatine kinase (CK). Infarct size exhibited circadian variation with largest infarct size in patients with symptom onset around 03: 00 at night (estimated peak CK 1322 U/l; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1217-1436) and smallest infarct size around 11: 00 in the morning (estimated peak CK 1071 U/l; 95% CI: 1001-1146; relative reduction 19%; p = 0.001). Circadian variation in infarct size followed an inverse pattern in patients with prior myocardial infarction (p-interaction

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-477
Number of pages10
JournalChronobiology International
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May-2015

Keywords

  • Angioplasty
  • circadian rhythm
  • infarct size
  • ischemia/reperfusion
  • myocardial infarction
  • CARDIOMYOCYTE CIRCADIAN CLOCK
  • LEFT-VENTRICULAR FUNCTION
  • ISCHEMIC BURDEN
  • DEPENDENCE
  • REPERFUSION
  • EXPRESSION
  • OUTCOMES
  • RHYTHMS
  • IMPACT
  • HEART

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