Research shows that topically active infliximab therapy may be efficacious in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with expected fewer side effects related to systemic exposure. Oral administration of infliximab with site-specific delivery could enable such therapy. In the present study, infliximab was incorporated in a sugar glass matrix (IFX-I) for additional stability and compounding flexibility after which IFX-I was compounded to ileo-colonic-targeted tablets containing 5 mg infliximab (ColoPulse-IFX). Potential critical steps in the production process that may decrease the formulation stability were identified and investigated. Furthermore, the long-term stability of IFX-I (6 months) and ColoPulse-IFX (12 months) stored either at room temperature (25 degrees C +/-+/- 2 degrees C/60% RH +/- 5% RH) or refrigerated (5 degrees C +/- 3 degrees C) was investigated according to ICH guidelines. Size-exclusion chromatography, fluorescence spectroscopy, and ELISA analyses were used to investigate the infliximab stability, content, tertiary protein structure, and potency at t0, t3, t6, t9, and t12 months. The coating performance of ColoPulse-IFX was investigated in a gastrointestinal simulation system at t0 and t12 months. All the analyses showed that IFX-I and ColoPulse-IFX were stable, potent, and that the coating performance was maintained during the entire storage period at both storage conditions. Thus, IFX-I is a stable drypowder formulation and ColoPulse-IFX is a promising oral dosage form for the topical treatment of ileocolonic IBD. This formulation strategy may serve as a new platform for the development of oral peptide or protein formulations that are targeted to the ileo-colonic region in IBD.
- Inflammatory bowel disease