Influence in Times of Crisis: How Social and Financial Resources Affect Men's and Women's Evaluations of Glass-Cliff Positions

Floor Rink*, Michelle K. Ryan, Janka I. Stoker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In two scenario-based studies, we found that women and men evaluate glass-cliff positions (i.e., precarious leadership positions at organizations in crisis) differently depending on the social and financial resources available. Female and male participants evaluated a hypothetical leadership position in which they would have both social and financial resources, financial resources but no social resources, or social resources but no financial resources. Women evaluated the position without social resources most negatively, whereas men evaluated the position without financial resources most negatively. In Study 2, we found that women and men considered different issues when evaluating these leadership positions. Women's evaluations and expected levels of influence as leaders depended on the degree to which they expected to be accepted by subordinates. In contrast, men's evaluations and expected levels of acceptance by subordinates depended on the degree to which they expected to be influential in the position. Our findings have implications for the understanding of the glass-cliff phenomenon and gendered leadership stereotypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1306-1313
Number of pages8
JournalPsychological Science
Volume23
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2012

Keywords

  • glass cliff
  • gender stereotypes
  • social and financial resources
  • acceptance
  • influence
  • sex differences
  • sex-role attitudes
  • decision making
  • PRECARIOUS LEADERSHIP POSITIONS
  • GENDER STEREOTYPES
  • METAANALYSIS
  • PREFERENCES
  • MANAGEMENT
  • EXECUTIVES
  • FOLLOWERS
  • MASCULINE
  • DYNAMICS
  • FEMALE

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