Influence of day and night wear on surface properties of silicone hydrogel contact lenses and bacterial adhesion

Pit B. J. Vermeltfoort, Minie Rustema-Abbing, Joop de Vries, Gerda M Bruinsma, Henk J. Busscher, Matthijs L van der Linden, Johanna MM Hooymans, Henny C. van der Mei

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    Abstract

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of continuous wear on physicochemical surface properties of silicone hydrogel (S-H) lenses and their susceptibility to bacterial adhesion.

    Methods: In this study, volunteers wore 2 pairs of either "lotrafilcon A" or "balafilcon A" S-H contact lenses. The first pair was worn continuously for a week and the second pair for 4 weeks. One lens of each pair was used for surface characterization and the other one for bacterial adhesion experiments. Lens surfaces were characterized by examination of their wettability, roughness, elemental composition, and proteins attached to their surfaces. Adhesion of Stapk,lococcus aureus 835 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa #3 to a lens was studied using a parallel plate flow chamber.

    Results: Before use, the lotrafilcon A lens was rougher than the balafilcon A lens and had a lower water contact angle and a higher affinity for S. aureus 835. After wear, both lens types had similar water contact angles, whereas the differences in elemental surface composition decreased as well. S. aureus 835 adhered in higher numbers to worn balafilcon A lenses, whereas the opposite was seen for P.. aeruginosa #3. The initial deposition rates of both bacterial strains to lotrafilcon A lenses decreased by wearing and were found to correlate significantly (P <0.001) with the surface roughness of worn lenses.

    Conclusions: In this study, the differences in surface properties between 2 types of S-H lenses were found to change after 1 week of continuous wear. Generally, bacteria adhered in lower numbers and less tenaciously to worn lenses, except S. aureus 835, adhering in higher numbers to worn balafilcon A lenses.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)516-523
    Number of pages8
    JournalCORNEA
    Volume25
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun-2006

    Keywords

    • PSEUDOMONAS-AERUGINOSA
    • MICROBIAL KERATITIS
    • CONVENTIONAL HYDROGEL
    • WETTABILITY
    • ETAFILCON
    • LYSOZYME
    • PROTEIN

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