Influence of the ceramic translucency on the relative degree of conversion of a direct composite and dual-curing resin cement through lithium disilicate onlays and endocrowns

Maurits C F M de Kuijper*, Yori Ong, Tobias Gerritsen, Marco S Cune, Marco M M Gresnigt

*Corresponding author for this work

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    INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of the ceramic translucency, restoration type and polymerization time on the relative degree of conversion of a dual-curing resin cement and a conventional microhybrid resin composite using a high-power light-curing device.

    METHODS AND MATERIALS: Two 4.0 mm thick onlay (O) and two 7.5 mm thick endocrown (E) lithium disilicate restorations in high and low translucency (HT/LT) were fabricated on a decapitated molar. The pulp chamber was prepared to accommodate a 2 mm layer of a microhybrid resin composite (MHC) or dual-curing resin cement (DCC). Composite specimens were light-cured (n = 15; 1200 mW/cm2) without or through an onlay or endocrown restoration. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) absorbance curves were collected for the same composite specimen after 3 × 20, 3 × 40, 3 × 60 and 3 × 90 s of light-curing. The relative degree of conversion (DC%) was calculated and results analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test and Friedman's ANOVA. Alpha was set at 0.05.

    RESULTS: After 3 × 60 s, the DC of MHC was significantly lower (p = 0.03; r = 0.61) under LT/EC restorations (Mdn: 77.8%) than HT/EC restorations (Mdn: 95.2%). DC of the DCC was not significantly affected by the ceramic translucency or restoration type. MHC had a significant higher DC than DCC under the HT/O, LT/O and HT/E restorations. There were no significant differences between MHC and DCC cured through LT/E restorations.

    CONCLUSION: DC for DCC was not significantly affected by the ceramic translucency or restoration type. DC for MHC was significantly lower for LT/EC than HT/EC restorations after 3 × 60s polymerization, but not different for the high translucent restorations and low translucent onlays.

    CLINICAL RELEVANCE: the use of light-curing microhybrid composite for bonding high translucent onlays and endocrowns and low translucent onlays seems feasible.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number104662
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials
    Early online date29-Jun-2021
    Publication statusPublished - Oct-2021

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