Influenza vaccination in systemic lupus erythematosus: Safe and protective?

Bert Holvast*, Anke Huckriede, Cees G. M. Kallenberg, Marc Bijl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) show decreased immune responsiveness and are vulnerable for infectious diseases, due to the underlying disease and the frequent use of immunosuppressive drugs. Influenza has a high incidence in the population and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Therefore, routine influenza vaccination of SLE patients seems indicated. However, there have been concerns about the safety of influenza vaccination in SLE as vaccination was thought to activate the autoimmune response. Safety of influenza vaccination has been studied, and, as far as SLE patients with quiescent disease are concerned, it is now generally accepted that influenza vaccination is safe. Another point of concern is vaccine efficacy. In immunocompromised patients, the immunogenicity of vaccines may be reduced. In the immune response to influenza (vaccination) both Immoral and cell-mediated responses are involved. In SLE, research on the immune response to influenza vaccination has focused on humoral immune responses, demonstrating a blunted Immoral response. Future research should focus on cell-mediated immune responses as well, as these are important for clearing of influenza infection and are expected to be impaired in SLE. Because of the decreased immunogenicity of the current influenza vaccine in SLE, new influenza vaccination strategies should be explored to improve vaccination efficacy. (C) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-305
Number of pages6
JournalAutoimmunity reviews
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2007

Keywords

  • systemic lupus erythematosus
  • influenza vaccination
  • vaccine immunogenicity
  • humoral and cell-mediated immunity
  • T-CELL RESPONSES
  • ANTIBODY-RESPONSE
  • DISEASE-ACTIVITY
  • RHEUMATIC DISEASES
  • VIRUS VACCINATION
  • OLDER-ADULTS
  • IN-VIVO
  • IMMUNIZATION
  • EFFICACY
  • VACCINES

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