Interrelationship between autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic (ADOS-G), autism diagnostic interview-revised (ADI-R), and the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR) classification in children and adolescents with mental retardation

A de Bildt*, S Sytema, C Ketelaars, D Kraijer, E Mulder, F Volkmar, R Minderaa

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    191 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The interrelationship between the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic (ADOS-G) and clinical classification was studied in 184 children and adolescents with Mental Retardation (MR). The agreement between the ADI-R and ADOS-G was fair, with a substantial difference between younger and older children (5-8 vs. 8+ years). Compared with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV-TR (DSM-IV-TR) classification of Autistic Disorder (AD) and Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), both instruments measure AD or PDD validly and reliably. Even in low-functioning children the interrelationship between the instruments and the clinical classification was satisfactory. The combination of ADI-R and ADOS-G identifies AD or PDD, as described in the DSM-IV-TR, most appropriately. Both instruments seem to be of great value in the diagnostic process of PDD in children and adolescents with MR.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)129-137
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
    Volume34
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr-2004

    Keywords

    • ADI-R
    • ADOS-G
    • PDD
    • MR
    • PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
    • INTERRATER RELIABILITY
    • SPECTRUM DISORDERS
    • CHILDHOOD-AUTISM
    • RATING-SCALE
    • CRITERIA
    • SAMPLE

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