Intrinsic self-healing thermoset through covalent and hydrogen bonding interactions

R. Araya-Hermosilla, G. M. R. Lima, P. Raffa, G. Fortunato, A. Pucci, Mario E. Flores, I. Moreno-Villoslada, A. A. Broekhuis, F. Picchioni*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The intrinsic self-healing ability of polyketone (PK) chemically modified into furan and/or OH groups containing derivatives is presented. Polymers bearing different ratios of both functional groups were cross-linked via furan/bis-maleimide (Diels-Alder adducts) and hydrogen bonding interactions (aliphatic and aromatic OH groups). The resulting thermosets display tuneable softening points (peak of tan (delta)) from 90 to 137 degrees C as established by DMTA. It is found that the cross-linked system containing only furan groups shows the highest softening temperature. On the other hand, systems displaying the combination of Diels-Alder adducts and hydrogen bonding (up to 60 mol % of -OH groups) do not show any change in modulus between heating cycles (i.e. factually a quantitative recovery of the mechanical behaviour). It is believed that the novelty of these tuneable thermosets can offer significant advantages over conventional reversible covalent systems. The synergistic reinforcement of both interactions resists multiple heating/healing cycles without any loss of mechanical properties even for thermally healed broken samples. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-197
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2016


  • Paal-Knorr chemical modification
  • Diels-Alder reaction
  • Hydrogen bonding interactions
  • Tuneable self-healing thermoset
  • Recycling

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