Introduction to biases in the scientific literature

Jojanneke Bastiaansen, Anoek Houben (Designer)

Research output: Non-textual formDigital or Visual ProductsAcademic


This animation explains four major forms of bias that can occur in the scientific literature: publication bias, outcome reporting bias, spin, and citation bias.
Original languageEnglish
Media of outputWeb
Publication statusPublished - 21-Nov-2016


  • metascience
  • publication bias
  • outcome reporting bias
  • spin
  • citation bias
  • animation
  • explanation

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