Inulin as filler-binder for tablets prepared by direct compaction

Anko C. Eissens*, Gerad K. Bolhuis, Wouter L.J. Hinrichs, Henderik W. Frijlink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


The tabletting properties of a number of different amorphous inulin types were investigated. The types varied with respect to chain length, particle size and amount of included air in the particles. Powder flow properties and densities of the different types were investigated. Just as expected, it was found that the flow properties improved with increased particle size of the material. Compactibility was investigated by compression of tablets on a compaction simulator, simulating the compression on high-speed tabletting machines. The bonding capacity of all inulins was high. However, the lubricant sensitivity strongly varied among the different types of inulin. Generally, amorphous materials such as starches are highly lubricant sensitive, because they show ductile behaviour upon compaction. On the other hand, crystalline materials such as dicalcium phosphate dihydrate have a low lubricant sensitivity, because they fragment during compaction. A high lubricant sensitivity was indeed found for amorphous inulins with a low amount of entrapped air. In contrast, the lubricant sensitivity of the amorphous inulin was low when particles containing large amounts of air were compressed. Obviously entrapped air induces fragmentation of the powder particles by which the lubricant film, covering the particles, was destroyed. Tablets prepared from inulin did not disintegrate but they dissolved when incubated in water. The disintegration/dissolution time increased with decreasing chain length of the inulin. The addition of a disintegrant reduced the disintegration time. The somewhat slower dissolution of the longer chain inulin can be an advantage for chewable tablets or lozenges. It was concluded that inulin with large amounts of entrapped air is a good filler-binder and an attractive alternative to commonly used filler-binders. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberPII S0928-0987(01)00201-9
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30-Jun-2002


  • Direct compaction
  • Filler-binder
  • Inulin
  • Tablet
  • calcium phosphate dibasic
  • inulin
  • starch
  • article
  • chewable tablet
  • drug formulation
  • drug research
  • drug solubility
  • drug synthesis
  • lozenge
  • particle size
  • priority journal
  • simulation

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