Investigation of background reduction techniques for the NeuLAND neutron detector

R3B Collaboration

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    NeuLAND is the neutron detector used by the R 3 B collaboration, which is part of the NUSTAR collaboration at the FAIR facility. NeuLAND is used for the detection of fast neutrons in the range of 200 MeV- 1000 MeV and is composed of plastic scintillators. Neutrons can undergo hadronic scattering with the scintillator material to produce charged particles, which in turn can be detected by their scintillation light. The high granularity of the detector allows for an accurate reconstruction of the primary interaction points of the neutrons. With these interaction points and with the information from the other detectors in the R 3 B setup, the reaction at the target can be kinematically reconstructed. This reconstruction is the tool that enables the R 3 B collaboration to study complex reactions. However, particles produced through reactions of the incoming radioactive beam with other R 3 B detectors may also enter NeuLAND's active volume and generate a significant background. In this paper, Monte Carlo simulations are utilized to explore possible reduction techniques of this background. In particular, the reduction of the charged-particle component of this background through the use of a VETO wall is explored for the initial setup of the R 3 B experiment. The list of physics processes considered and their implementation in the simulations are tested against experimental data to ensure that conclusions about the background reduction are meaningful. Extensive simulations show that the use of a VETO wall is, in many situations, not necessary.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)203-209
    Number of pages7
    JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A- Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Publication statusPublished - 21-Jun-2019


    • Background elimination
    • NeuLAND
    • Neutron detection
    • R 3 B
    • VETO

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