Investigation of the stability, radiation, and structure of laminar coflow diffusion flames of CH4/NH3 mixtures

S. B. Nourani Najafi, A. V. Mokhov, H. B. Levinsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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The stability, radiation, and structure of laminar axisymmetric CH4/NH3/air diffusion flames have been studied using photographic images, spectrally resolved measurements of flame radiation, and the spatial distribution of temperature and major species mole fractions obtained by spontaneous Raman scattering. The fit procedure for the Raman spectra of NH3 includes a hitherto unquantified overtone feature, whose inclusion in the fit significantly improves the NH3 fraction obtained. Nitrogen is used to replace NH3 to separate chemical effects of NH3 addition from those due to dilution. The results show that NH3 addition drastically reduces radiation from carbon-containing species, with progressively increasing strong chemiluminescence from excited NO2 and NH2, indicating a substantial change in flame chemistry. While the Rayleigh/Mie scattering from soot particles is still observed in the Raman spectra at 28% NH3 addition, 46% NH3 in the fuel is seen to suppresses soot formation effectively. The measured axial and radial profiles of temperature and major species indicate a substantial contribution from radial transport from the reaction zone, seriously complicating the relation between composition, mixture fraction, and the corresponding equilibrium temperature and mole fractions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number112282
Number of pages9
JournalCombustion and Flame
Early online date16-Jul-2022
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2022


  • Ammonia
  • Diffusion flame
  • Emission spectra
  • Raman spectra
  • Soot
  • Differential diffusion

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