Is Participation in Organized Leisure-Time Activities Associated with School Performance in Adolescence?

Petr Badura*, Erik Sigmund, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Dagmar Sigmundova, Jan Sirucek, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
211 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background

Organized leisure-time activities (OLTA) have been identified as a context suitable for improvement of school performance. This study aimed to assess the associations between participation in OLTA and school engagement, school-related stress, academic achievement and whether these associations differ by specific pattern of OLTA participation, gender and age. Furthermore, it assessed whether OLTA participants are more likely to acquire support for schoolwork from outside the family.

Methods

The sample concerned 10,483 adolescents (49.2% boys) aged 11, 13 and 15 from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children data collection in 2014 in the Czech Republic. Logistic regressions adjusted for gender and age were used to analyse the associations between participation in OLTA and four education-related outcomes.

Results

Participation in OLTA was associated with higher school engagement, lower levels of school-related stress and better academic achievement regardless of gender and age. The strongest associations were observed for adolescents involved in various types of OLTA concurrently, with odds ratios ranging from 1.34 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17-1.54) for lower school-related stress to 1.97 (95% CI 1.73-2.25) for above-average academic achievement. OLTA participants were also more likely to have a non-familial person to help them with schoolwork, though this association was weaker in 15-year-olds.

Conclusion

Youth involvement in OLTA is linked to general better school performance and attachment to school. Adolescents participating in more activities at the same time have the best school performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0153276
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13-Apr-2016

Keywords

  • YOUTH ACTIVITY INVOLVEMENT
  • FAMILY AFFLUENCE SCALE
  • AGED CHILDREN HBSC
  • EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
  • ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT
  • HEALTH BEHAVIOR
  • DEVELOPMENTAL EXPERIENCES
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • AFRICAN-AMERICAN
  • ADULT SUPPORT

Cite this