Isolation and characterization of Arabidopsis mutants with enhanced tolerance to oxidative stress

Muhammad K. Qureshi, Vesela Radeva, Todor Genkov, Ivan Minkov, Jacques Hille, Tsanko S. Gechev*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We have previously reported a method for isolation of mutants with enhanced tolerance to the fungal AAL toxin and given a detailed characterization of atr1 (AAL toxin resistant, Gechev et al. in Biochem Biophys Res Commun 375:639-644, 2008). Herewith, we report eight more mutants with enhanced tolerance to the AAL toxin. Phenotypic analysis showed that six of the mutants were reduced in size compared with their original background loh2. Furthermore, atr2 showed delayed flowering and senescence. The mutants were also evaluated for oxidative stress tolerance by growing them on ROS-inducing media supplemented with either aminotriazole or paraquat, generating, respectively, H(2)O(2) or superoxide radicals. Oxidative stress, confirmed by induction of the marker genes, HIGH AFFINITY NITRATE TRANSPORTER At1G08090 and HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN 17 At3G46230, inhibited growth of all lines. However, while the original background loh2 developed necrotic lesions and died rapidly on ROS-inducing plant growth media, atr1, atr2, atr7 and atr9 remained green and viable. The tolerance against oxidative stress-induced cell death was confirmed by fresh weight and chlorophyll measurements. Real-time PCR analysis revealed that the expression of the EXTENSIN gene At5G46890, previously shown to be downregulated by aminotriazole in atr1, was repressed in all lines, consistent with the growth inhibition induced by oxidative stress. Taken together, the data indicate a complex link between growth, development and oxidative stress tolerance and indicates that growth inhibition can be uncoupled from oxidative stress-induced cell death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-382
Number of pages8
JournalActa Physiologiae Plantarum
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2011

Keywords

  • AAL toxin
  • Programmed cell death
  • Aminotriazole
  • Paraquat
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Oxidative stress
  • PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH
  • HYDROGEN-PEROXIDE
  • GENE-EXPRESSION
  • ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES
  • OXYGEN
  • RESPONSES
  • TOBACCO
  • METABOLISM
  • RESISTANCE
  • REDUCTASE

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