Transformation-deficient mutants of Bacillus subtilis have been identified either by screening for a nuclease-deficient phenotype on methyl green-DNA agar or for nontransformability on transforming DNA-containing agar. After purification of the mutations causing a reduction in the entry of DNA, a set of isogenic entry-deficient strains was obtained. In addition to being entry deficient to various extents, the strains usually were less capable of association with DNA than the entry-proficient parent. Likewise, the specific transforming activity in the purified mutant strains continued to be less than that in the wild type. With the possible exception of one strain, no evidence was obtained that the mutant strains were impaired in recombination. Since the breakdown of transforming DNA to acid-soluble products correlated fairly well with the residual capacity of the strains to take up DNA, nucleolytic activity is likely to be involved in the entry of DNA in B. subtilis.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Bacteriology|
|Publication status||Published - 1982|