J147 Affects Cognition and Anxiety After Surgery in Zucker Rats

K Oberman*, B L van Leeuwen, M Nabben, J E Villafranca, R G Schoemaker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Vulnerable patients are at risk for neuroinflammation-mediated post-operative complications, including depression (POD) and cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Zucker rats, expressing multiple risk factors for post-operative complications in humans, may provide a clinically relevant model to study pathophysiology and explore potential interventions. J147, a newly developed anti-dementia drug, was shown to prevent POCD in young healthy rats, and improved early post-surgical recovery in Zucker rats. Aim of the present study was to investigate POCD and the therapeutic potential of J147 in male Zucker rats. Risk factors in the Zucker rat strain were evaluated by comparison with lean littermates. Zucker rats were subjected to major abdominal surgery. Acute J147 treatment was provided by a single iv injection (10mg/kg) at the start of surgery, while chronic J147 treatment was provided in the food (aimed at 30 mg/kg/day), starting one week before surgery and up to end of protocol. Effects on behavior were assessed, and plasma, urine and brain tissue were collected and processed for immunohistochemistry and molecular analyses. Indeed, Zucker rats displayed increased risk factors for POCD, including obesity, high plasma triglycerides, low grade systemic inflammation, impaired spatial learning and decreased neurogenesis. Surgery in Zucker rats reduced exploration and increased anxiety in the Open Field test, impaired short-term spatial memory, induced a shift in circadian rhythm and increased plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), microglia activity in the CA1 and blood brain barrier leakage. Chronic, but not acute J147 treatment reduced anxiety in the Open Field test and protected against the spatial memory decline. Moreover, chronic J147 increased glucose sensitivity. Acute J147 treatment improved long-term spatial memory and reversed the circadian rhythm shift. No anti-inflammatory effects were seen for J147. Although Zucker rats displayed risk factors, surgery did not induce extensive POCD. However, increased anxiety may indicate POD. Treatment with J147 showed positive effects on behavioral and metabolic parameters, but did not affect (neuro)inflammation. The mixed effect of acute and chronic treatment may suggest a combination for optimal treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114413
Number of pages17
JournalPhysiology & Behavior
Volume273
Early online date19-Nov-2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2024

Cite this