Kidney Function and Plasma Copeptin Levels in Healthy Kidney Donors and Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease Patients

Debbie Zittema, Else van den Berg, Esther Meijer, Wendy E. Boertien, Anneke C. Muller Kobold, Casper F. M. Franssen, Paul E. de Jong, Stephan J. L. Bakker, Gerjan Navis, Ron T. Gansevoort*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and objectives Plasma copeptin, a marker of arginine vasopressin, is elevated in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and predicts disease progression. It is unknown whether elevated copeptin levels result from decreased kidney clearance or as compensation for impaired concentrating capacity. Data from patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and healthy kidney donors before and after donation were used, because after donation, overall GFR decreases with a functionally normal kidney.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements Data were obtained between October of 2008 and January of 2012 from healthy kidney donors who visited the institution for routine measurements predonation and postdonation and patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease who visited the institution for kidney function measurement. Plasma copeptin levels were measured using a sandwich immunoassay, GFR was measured as I-125-iothalamate clearance, and urine concentrating capacity was measured as urine-to-plasma ratio of urea. In patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, total kidney volume was measured with magnetic resonance imaging.

Results Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (n=122, age=40 years, men=56%) had significantly higher copeptin levels (median=6.8 pmol/L; interquartile range=3.4-15.7 pmol/L) compared with donors (n=134, age=52 years, men=49%) both predonation and postdonation (median=3.8 pmol/L; interquartile range=2.8-6.3 pmol/L; P

Conclusions On the basis of the finding in donors that kidney clearance is not a main determinant of plasma copeptin levels, it was hypothesized that, in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, kidney damage and associated impaired urine concentration capacity determine copeptin levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1553-1562
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2014

Keywords

  • GLOMERULAR-FILTRATION-RATE
  • RENAL CONCENTRATING CAPACITY
  • SURROGATE MARKER
  • ARGININE-VASOPRESSIN
  • CHILDREN
  • MODEL
  • I-125-IOTHALAMATE
  • I-131-HIPPURAN
  • DECLINE
  • FLOW

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