The kinetics of the reaction of CO2 with various alkanolamines (MEA, DGA, DIPA, DEA, MMEA) in aqueous solutions has been studied as a function of temperature. Also kinetic data at 303 K were obtained for the reaction between CO2 and the cyclic amine morpholine in aqueous solutions. All observed phenomena can be explained very satisfactorily with the zwitterion mechanism proposed earlier. With respect to the temperature influence on the overall reaction rate for primary and secondary amines, two classes can be distinguished: when the zwitterion formation is rate determining a significant temperature influence is observed whereas only a slight temperature dependence is observed when the zwitterion deprotonation is rate determining. All kinetic experiments were interpreted with the aid of a numerically solved absorption model which describes gas absorption accompanied by reversible chemical reactions. For last reversible reactions like those in the present study, only in this way reliable reaction-rate data can be deduced from absorption experiments. The Brønsted relationship between the zwitterion-formation rate constant and the acid dissociation constant of the alkanolamine, as proposed previously, seems to be valid over a wide range of temperatures and for a great variety of alkanolamines. This relationship is not valid for cyclic amines like MOR.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Chemical Engineering Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|