Kinetics of Nanoparticle Uptake into and Distribution in Human Cells

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Whether one wishes to optimise drug delivery using nano-sized carriers or avoid hazard posed by engineered nanomaterials, the kinetics of nanoparticle uptake into human cells and their subsequent intracellular distribution is key. Unique properties of the nanoscale implies that such nanoparticles are taken up and trafficked in a different fashion compared to molecular species. In this review, we discuss in detail how to describe the kinetics of nanoparticle uptake and intracellular distribution, using previous studies for illustration. We also cover the extracellular kinetics, particle degradation, endosomal escape and cell division, ending with an outlook on the future of kinetic studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2196-2212
JournalNanoscale advances
Issue number8
Early online date18-Mar-2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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