Language and motor speech skills in children with cerebral palsy

Sija Pirila*, Jaap van der Meere, Taina Pentikainen, Pirjo Ruusu-Niemi, Raija Korpela, Jenni Kilpinen, Pirkko Nieminen, P Ruusu-Niemin, R Kilpinen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate associations between the severity of motor limitations, cognitive difficulties, language and motor speech problems in children with cerebral palsy. Also, the predictive power of neonatal cranial ultrasound findings on later outcome was investigated. For this purpose, 36 children (age range 1 year 10 months to 9 years 0 months) with cerebral palsy due to premature birth and white-matter damage (periventricular leukomalacia) participated in the study. Twenty-two children (62%) had an intelligence level above 70. One-half of this group exhibited motor speech problems. Children with an intelligence level below 70 (n = 14, 38%) showed problems in motor speech skills as well as in verbal expressive and comprehensive skills. Neonatal cranial ultrasonography findings were moderately associated with the severity of functional motor limitations.

Learning outcomes: Readers will be able to: (1) describe different hypotheses regarding the relationship between language, speech, intelligence level and severity of cerebral palsy, (2) discuss how intelligence and functional motor limitations impact language and speech performance for children with cerebral palsy and (3) discuss the predictability of the ultrasound methodology. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-128
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Communication Disorders
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • BIRTH-WEIGHT POPULATION
  • CRANIAL ULTRASOUND
  • PERIVENTRICULAR LEUKOMALACIA
  • PRETERM INFANTS
  • INTRAVENTRICULAR HEMORRHAGE
  • MOTHERS
  • COMMUNICATION
  • PREDICTION
  • PATTERNS
  • MRI

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