Large room-temperature tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance and electroresistance in single ferromagnet/Nb: SrTiO3 Schottky devices

Alexander M. Kamerbeek, Roald Ruiter, Tamalika Banerjee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

There is a large effort in research and development to realize electronic devices capable of storing information in new ways - for instance devices which simultaneously exhibit electro and magnetoresistance. However it remains a challenge to create devices in which both effects coexist. In this work we show that the well-known electroresistance in noble metal-Nb:SrTiO3 Schottky junctions can be augmented by a magnetoresistance effect in the same junction. This is realized by replacing the noble metal electrode with ferromagnetic Co. This magnetoresistance manifests as a room temperature tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance (TAMR). The maximum room temperature TAMR (1.6%) is significantly larger and robuster with bias than observed earlier, not using Nb:SrTiO3. In a different set of devices, a thin amorphous AlOx interlayer inserted between Co and Nb:SrTiO3, reduces the TAMR by more than 2 orders of magnitude. This points to the importance of intimate contact between the Co and Nb:SrTiO3 for the TAMR effect. This is explained by electric field enhanced spin-orbit coupling of the interfacial Co layer in contact with Nb:SrTiO3. We propose that the large TAMR likely has its origin in the 3d orbital derived conduction band and large relative permittivity of Nb:SrTiO3 and discuss ways to further enhance the TAMR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1378
Number of pages8
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22-Jan-2018

Keywords

  • JUNCTIONS
  • CRYSTAL

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