Late onset cardiomyopathy as presenting sign of ATTR A45G amyloidosis caused by a novel TTR mutation (p.A65G)

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Abstract

Objective: The clinical description of a novel TTR genemutation characterized by a late onset amyloid cardiomyopathy.

Methods and Results: A 78-year-old man of Dutch origin with recent surgeryforbilateral carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) was admitted to our hospital because of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (55%). Cardiac ultrasound showed thickened biventricular walls, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging also showed late gadolinium enhancement. Early signs of a polyneuropathy were found by neurophysiological testing. A few months later, his 72year- old sister was admitted to an affiliated hospital because of heart failure caused by a restrictive cardiomyopathy. In both patients, a subcutaneous abdominal fat aspirate was stained with Congo red and DNA was analyzed by direct sequencing of exons 1 to 4 of the transthyretin (TTR) gene. Both fat aspirates revealed transthyretin-derived (ATTR) amyloid. Tc-99m-diphosphonate scintigraphy further confirmed cardiac ATTR amyloidosis in the male patient. DNA analysis of both patients showed a novel TTR mutation c.194C>G that encodes for the gene product TTR (p.A65G) ending up as themature protein TTR A45G. The 56-year-old daughter of themale patient had the same TTR mutation. A full diagnostic workup did not reveal any signs of amyloidosis yet.

Conclusions: A novel amyloidogenic TTRmutation was found in a Dutch family. The clinical presentation of ATTR A45G amyloidosis in the affected family members was heart failure due to a late-onset cardiomyopathy. The systemic nature of this disease was reflected by bilateral CTS and by early signs of a polyneuropathy in the index patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-22
Number of pages4
JournalCardiovascular Pathology
Volume29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2017

Keywords

  • ATTR A45G Amyloidosis
  • Transthyretin
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • CTS
  • PRESERVED EJECTION FRACTION
  • TRANSTHYRETIN AMYLOIDOSIS
  • HEART-FAILURE
  • DIAGNOSTIC PERFORMANCE
  • FAT TISSUE
  • POLYNEUROPATHY
  • GUIDELINES
  • TAFAMIDIS
  • VARIANTS
  • DISEASE

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