Levels of soluble Fc gamma RIII correlate with disease severity in sepsis

ACM Kobold, JG Zijlstra, HR Koene, M de Haas, CGM Kallenberg*, JWC Tervaert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Neutrophil activation is thought to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. During activation, neutrophils adhere to and migrate through the endothelium. Therefore, the amount of circulating neutrophils does not adequately reflect the total amount of neutrophils that are involved in the pathophysiologic process of this condition. In this study we test the hypothesis that the severity of sepsis is associated with the total body mass of neutrophils as reflected in the plasma concentration of soluble Fc gamma receptor type III (sFc gamma RIII). Nineteen patients with sepsis (12 male, seven female, median age of 69 years, range 29-87 years) were included in this study. Ten healthy volunteers served as controls. Plasma sFc gamma RIII concentrations were measured by ELISA. Other parameters that were studied were leucocyte count, plasma concentrations of lactoferrin and soluble L-selectin, and surface expression of CD11b and CD66b on circulating neutrophils. Disease activity was measured using the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score. Soluble Fc gamma RIII levels were elevated in sepsis patients whereas soluble L-selectin levels were moderately decreased compared with healthy controls. Markers of cell activation were significantly increased in sepsis patients. Soluble Fc gamma RIII correlated with disease severity as measured by the APACHE score (P <0.05, r = 0.53), whereas the other parameters did not correlate with the APACHE score. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that soluble Fc gamma RIII is a useful marker for disease severity in patients with sepsis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220 - 227
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume114
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov-1998

Keywords

  • sepsis
  • SIRS
  • soluble Fc gamma RIII
  • APACHE
  • neutrophil
  • NATURAL-KILLER-CELLS
  • L-SELECTIN
  • NEUTROPHIL APOPTOSIS
  • LEUKOCYTE ACTIVATION
  • HEALTHY-VOLUNTEERS
  • ADHESION MOLECULES
  • ANTIGEN EXPRESSION
  • RESPONSE SYNDROME
  • SEPTIC SHOCK
  • HUMAN PLASMA

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