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Abstract

Self-renewal and the maintenance of pluripotency of mouse embryonal stem (ES) cells in vitro requires exogenous leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF). Mouse ES cells can be cultured and kept undifferentiated in the absence of embryonal feeder-cell layers when exogenous LIF concentrations are maintained above a threshold concentration. An important downstream target of LIF signal transduction in mouse ES cells is the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). In contrast to mouse ES cells, human ES cells are unresponsive to LIF and depend on feeder cells for undifferentiated growth. Here, we investigated the activation patterns of LIF-downstream effectors in mouse and human embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells. We report that LIF induces both ERK-1 as well as STAT3 activation in mouse P19 EC cells. LIF enhances the proliferation rate of P19 EC cells, which depends on ERK activity but does not require activation of STAT3. In contrast, LIF does not activate STAT3, ERK, or the gp130 receptor in human N tera-2/D1 EC cells, although all receptor components are expressed. The negative feedback protein suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS-1) is constitutively expressed in N tera-2/D1 EC cells, suggesting that LIF signal transduction is inhibited by elevated levels of SOCS-1 expression. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-129
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume274
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-Mar-2002

Keywords

  • LIF
  • STAT3
  • embryonal carcinoma
  • P19 EC
  • N tera-2/D1 EC
  • CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130
  • STEM-CELLS
  • SELF-RENEWAL
  • TRANSCRIPTIONAL ACTIVATION
  • HUMAN BLASTOCYSTS
  • RESPONSE ELEMENT
  • MOUSE EMBRYOS
  • SOCS PROTEINS
  • LINES
  • DIFFERENTIATION

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