Liver fibrosis in vitro: Cell culture models and precision-cut liver slices

M. Van de Bovenkamp, G. M. M. Groothuis, D. K. F. Meijer, P. Olinga*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chronic liver injury of various etiologies can cause liver fibrosis, which is characterized by the progressive accumulation of connective tissue in the liver. As no effective treatment for liver fibrosis is available yet, extensive research is ongoing to further study the mechanisms underlying the development of disease- or toxicity-induced liver fibrosis and to identify potential pro- or anti-fibrotic properties of compounds. This review gives an overview of the in vitro methods that are currently available for this purpose. The first focus is on cell culture models, since the majority of in vitro research uses these systems. Both primary cells and cell lines as well as the use of different culture matrices and co-culture models are discussed. Second, the use of precision-cut liver slices, which recently came into attention as in vitro model for the study of fibrosis, is discussed. The overview clearly shows that continuous optimization and adaptation have extended the potential of in vitro models for liver fibrosis during the past years. By combining the use of the different cell and tissue culture models, the mechanisms underlying multicellular fibrosis development can be studied in vitro and potential pro- or anti-fibrotic properties of compounds can be identified both on single liver cell types and in human liver tissue. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-557
Number of pages13
JournalToxicology in Vitro
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2007

Keywords

  • fibrosis
  • cell lines
  • precision-cut liver slices
  • hepatic stellate cells
  • extracellular matrix
  • HEPATIC STELLATE CELLS
  • EXTRACELLULAR-MATRIX COMPONENTS
  • FAT-STORING PHENOTYPE
  • SINUSOIDAL ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS
  • PROCOLLAGEN MESSENGER-RNA
  • GROWTH-FACTOR BETA-1
  • FIBROTIC RAT-LIVER
  • CARBON-TETRACHLORIDE
  • COLLAGEN-SYNTHESIS
  • LINE-GRX

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