Locke, Wittgenstein, and Religious (anti-)Evidentialism: The Relationship with Freedom of Religion and Belief

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In this essay, I examine the relationship between the liberal principle of Freedom of Religion and Belief (FoRB) on the one hand, and the question whether religious beliefs are, or should be, responsive to evidence-based, reasoned argument. In other words: the question addressed is that of the relationship between the liberal principle of FoRB and religious evidentialism and/or anti-evidentialism. I address this question by examining, in some detail, two contrary positions on religion and evidentialism and their implications for FoRB: John Locke’s evidentialist epistemology of religion and Ludwig Wittgenstein’s anti-evidentialist one.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWittgenstein and the Epistemology of Religion
EditorsNuno Venturinha, Duncan Pritchard
PublisherOxford University Press
Publication statusSubmitted - 2021


  • Wittgenstein
  • Religion
  • Freedom of Religion or Belief
  • Locke
  • Evidentialism
  • Religion and Politics

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